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Explain the significance of agents of socialization in the development of the self

Explain the significance of agents of socialization in the development of the self

Explain the significance of agents of socialization in the development of the self

Chapter 3 Homework READ ALL QUESTIONS BEFORE YOU ANSWER THEM

1. Durkheim argues that norms, as social facts, create solidarity and cohesion in societies, which is imperative for societies to persist. Discuss an example of a norm in American culture that creates social cohesion. State the norm and then describe in full the way in which the norm creates social cohesion.

2. What is something in your own culture that is doxic for you, but would appear strange to someone from another culture? (Don’t use tipping, that’s from the book. Think of something original).

3. Think of cultural inconsistency. Now give me an example of a cultural inconsistency in American culture. State an argument on why this particular cultural inconsistency could cause a negative outcome in society. Now state an argument on why this particular cultural inconsistency could cause a positive outcome in society.

 

· Watch this clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XcJVfCEgqPc

Is this an example of non-material or material culture? Why? What is this ritual meant to communicate? (no need to go do outside research, just rely on the videos and textbook I assigned, it’s all in there!)

5. I gave an example of my own habitus, linking my class status and how I dressed. Give an example of when you were made aware of your own habitus. Make sure you understand habitus before answering.

6. I lectured on the idea that dystopian entertainment is a way for society to assuage some neurosis or anxiety. Pick a dystopian movie or show that you’ve seen. First, write a brief synopsis telling me the important parts (there’s a lot I haven’t seen). Then, explain to me what societal neurosis the material in the show may be a stand in for. Do your best! I know you are a baby sociologist. The point is to prove to me you are digesting the material and making links to your own examples.

7. Watch this video

Text Description automatically generated Amy Schumer Says, “Clear Eyes, Full Hearts, No Raping!”Season three of Inside Amy Schumer premiered this past weekend on Comedy Central and, as expected, the comedienne didn’t pull any punches. In a sketch that parodied the show Friday Night Lights, Schumer plays a Pinot Grigio-swilling Tammy Taylor-type married to Josh Charles’s earnest football coach. The coach sends a small town into disarray when he asks his football players to stop raping women.

Discuss how “football culture” is used to illustrate “rape culture”.

Note: The joke is obviously in how ridiculous the answers the football players give…..but think carefully on the message of this skit.

What links are there between the masculinity norms of football and the social construction of rape culture?

Summaries: (50 words or more each answer) (which is a paragraph)

1.1 Explain the significance of agents of socialization in the development of the self

1.2 Describe the concept of a total institution. How do they socialize an individual?

1.3 Briefly describe the debate between the sociological or the natural, i.e., “nature” or “nuture”

1.4 Describe the concept of the looking glass self.

1.5 Describe how the generalized other develops and how it affect’s one’s interaction in society.

Sociological Discussion Questions: (50 words or more for each answer)

1. Recall Goffman’s ideas about social interaction and the presentation of self. How have social media sites such as Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram affected the presentation of self? Have there been changes to what Goffman saw as our front and back stages?

2. What are the key characteristics of total institutions such as prisons and mental institutions? How does socialization in a total institution differ from orginary socialization?

Chapter 4 Homework READ ALL QUESTIONS BEFORE YOU ANSWER THEM

Watch the Key and Peele Clip.http://www.cc.com/video-clips/qvrhhj/key-and-peele-phone-call (45 seconds)

Now, describe how the men code switched. What does this have to do with impression management? What does code switching have to do with presentation of self? Why did the men code switch?

2. Watch the two clips below.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjJQBjWYDTs (3 min)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0BxFRu_SOw&list=PL43D9C89B6A0A3A61 (7 min)

Now, fully and explicitly describe the effect of socialization and social interaction on looking glass self for each clip. What caused the people in each clip to act the way they did?

Describe for me three of the toys you remember playing with when you were a child. What traits did these toys instill and reinforce in your presentation of self?

Think of one of your role sets. Did you ever experience role strain and perform role exit? Describe the role, the role set, role strain, and role exit. If you didn’t experience role strain and or role exit, what do you think contributed to that?

Summaries: (50 words or more each answer) (which is a paragraph)

1.1 Briefly describe the structural and cultural factors that contribute to lower or higher homicide arrest rates between neighborhoods in the same city.

1.2 Briefly describe how sociologists explain deviance as possibly bio AND social.

1.3 Describe how gender socialization can affect performance of and stigmatization of deviance.

1.4 Briefly describe the school to prison pipeline, drawing on how institutions shape and set up the pipeline.

1.5 Briefly describe how an education in sociology can aid in conflict resolution skills.

Sociological Discussion Questions: (50 words or more for each answer)

1. Think of a crime. How would you test it empirically with quantitative research? How would you test it with qualitative research?

2. How is the looking glass self-linked to the labelling theory of deviance?

Chapter 6 Homework READ ALL QUESTIONS BEFORE YOU ANSWER THEM

Watch 13th: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=krfcq5pF8u8 (1 hour 40 min). You don’t have to watch the whole thing, although this movie is AMAZING

Give an explicit example from the movie 13th on the symbolic interactionist perspective of how labeling works to construct crime and deviance.

Give an explicit example from the movie 13th on the conflict theory perspective of how those in power construct what is crime and deviance.

Give an explicit example from the movie 13th on the structural functionalist perspective of how deviance can show social strain in society.

Watch this video (2 min). What sociological theory would explain the difference in how the two men were treated? https://abcnews.go.com/WhatWouldYouDo/video/bike-thief-caught-act-portland-36674396

Reflect on how the Calvinist Ideology has informed and shaped our understanding of homelessness as deviant.

25% of those imprisoned in the whole world are imprisoned in the United States. How would a rehabilitation and harm reduction approach to deviance and crime change the amount of imprisonment in the United States? What structures in our society would need to be reformed to support this social change?

Summaries: (50 words or more each answer) (which is a paragraph)

1.1 Describe the structural factors that contribute to the rise in trailer park living for the economically disenfranchised. How is this stratification reproduced both by the wealthy and the poor?

1.2 Describe neighborhood poverty and it’s compounding effects.

1.3 Describe what makes up class status in the United states. Be sure to briefly describe what sociologist’s mean when they say life choices and life chances.

1.4 Describe how the gap between the rich and the poor has grown since the 1970s.

1.5 Describe why the official federal poverty line is outdated.

Sociological Discussion Questions: (50 words or more for each answer)

1. Discuss the possibility of a link between the Calvinist Ideology and the propensity of American’s to claim they are middle class even if they aren’t. What structural and cultural factors contribute to this?

2. Describe briefly food deserts and how they contribute to poor health for the economically disenfranchised. How would poor health reproduce stratification even more?

Chapter 7 Homework READ ALL QUESTIONS BEFORE YOU ANSWER THEM

Watch at least one of these links on redling:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e68CoE70Mk8 (6min)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O5FBJyqfoLM (6 min)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2o-yD0wGxAc (9 min)

 

Watch Capitalism: A love story (2 hours, but you won’t need to watch all of the 2 hours to find your examples)

Capitalism: A Love Story

 

1. How has redlining contributed to the wealth gap in non-whites? What other social locations and outcomes does redlining affect besides wealth and housing and why? (For instance, education is one social outcome that redlining effects, discuss another one).

2. Think of the chain of redlining I described in my lecture. If you wanted to disrupt the cycle of redlining, what part of the chain would you disrupt, and why? Make sure you describe carefully an understanding of social reproduction of class inequality and why disrupting the chain at that point would produce different social outcomes.

3. What is the structural functionalist perspective on social stratification? What does this perspective lack?

4. Remember that an ideology is a system of ideas that drives behavior. We live in a country with an economic system of capitalism. Describe how the ideology of meritocracy and the economic system of capitalism are linked. Do we have a meritocratic society? Use explicit examples from Capitalism: A Love Story to support your argument.

5. Briefly describe how Marx’s prediction of class revolution may have been thwarted by “the capitalist class in Europe has been too fragmented to serve as a single target for revolutionaries” (Crash course sociology #22). What evidence from Capitalism: A Love Story supports this claim?

 

6. Describe the Symbolic Interactionist perspective on the social reproduction of stratification. Pick an example of a sign vehicle from your own life. What message does this sign vehicle give about your social position?

Symbolic Interactionism

Weber and Symbolic Interactionism HOMEWORK READ ALL QUESTIONS BEFORE YOU ANSWER THEM

1. Weber wrote in The Protestant Ethic and The Spirit of Capitalism his argument about how the ideology of the Calvinist protestant ethic propelled capitalism as an economic system. He had two main tenets to this argument, Preordination and Aestheticism.

 

First, describe in your own words how he argued Calvin’s idea of preordination propelled capitalism. As in, WHAT about preordination specifically props up capitalism as an economic system?

 

2. Then, describe in your own words how he argued Calvin’s idea of Aestheticism propelled capitalism. As in, WHAT about aestheticism specifically props up capitalism as an economic system?

 

3. Symbolic Interactionism is a theory that argues for the impact of micro level processes on greater society. First, describe fully in your own words the two main tenets of symbolic interactionism. Now state in your own words why this is a micro perspective.

 

4. Weber argued for Verstehen to be an integral part of social science research. Explain in your own words what Verstehen is meant to add to sociological research. What does this have to do with symbolic interactionism?

 

 

5. Describe in your own words the process of rationalization (formal rationality) of society as it moved from feudalism to modernity. Be sure to state the role of Bureaucracy in the rationalization of society.

 

6. Give an example from American society that is evidence of formal rationality and explain why. Now give an example from American society that is a backlash against formal rationality and explain what the backlash is responding to. Do not give the same example I give in lecture.

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